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List of predatory, parasitic, or pseudoscientific publishers and journals.
Flaky Academic Conferences
The criteria for inclusion on the lists are unsolicited email to me (spam), indications of shady practices or possible incompetence in the subject areas, and reports on other websites.
How to spot a PREDATORY PUBLISHER
This presentation looks at the problem of predatory publishers who exploit changes to the publishing landscape in the 21st century.
Covering what a predatory publisher is, why they are a problem and including a handy checklist to help assess publishers this presentation is recommended for library staff working in research support roles.
Many Academics Are Eager to Publish in Worthless Journals
"The journals are giving rise to a wider ecosystem of pseudo science. For the academic who wants to add credentials to a résumé, for instance, publishers also hold meetings where, for a hefty fee, you can be listed as a presenter — whether you actually attend the meeting or not."
Predatory Conference Scammers are Getting Smarter
Bogus scientific events are exploiting top researchers to cash in. Chemistry World, September 2018, p.8.
Predatory Conferences Undermine Science And Scam Academics
"In this post, we hope to raise awareness about the growing menace of bogus conferences, organized by predatory publishers as well as specialized conference groups ..."
Recommended Practices to Ensure Conference Content Quality
"These recommended practices have been developed (by Elsevier, IEEE and IET) to provide guidelines that will help maintain an equitable balance of the interests of all participants in ensuring high quality, scholarly conference proceedings
The Complexity of The Questionable: Fighting the battle against ‘predatory conferences'
A detailed description of the efforts of the ICCA (International Congress and Convention Association) to identify 'predatory' conferences. Database only open to members.
U.S. Federal Trade Commission – Filing a Consumer Complaint
The FTC encourages consumers to file a complaint whenever they have been the victim of fraud, identity theft, or other unfair or deceptive business practices. They can do it online, or by calling the FTC’s Consumer Response Center at 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357).
What to call your academic event
An interesting analysis of the naming of meetings as described in a 'PhD Comic'.
Reported to have quickly accepted a 'fake' abstract and to use prominent scientists as conference organizers without their permission.
Chemistry World, September 2018, p.9.
A Wikipedia search for 'Allied Academies' gives additional information.
American Research Institute for Policy Development
ARIPD is a Beall's List publisher.
Recent conferences include:
I.C. on Information Computer Application (ICICA 2014)
I.C. on Environmental Engineering and Development (ICEED 2014)
Global Symposium for Human Resource Management
Journals for conference papers are from Beall's List publishers.
Annual Conference on Genetics (Archives of Applied Medicine)
Linked to KEI Journals ( a Beall's List journal publisher) via identical physical addresses.
arXiv vs. snarXiv [http://snarxiv.org/vs-arxiv/]
"The snarXiv is a random high-energy theory paper generator incorporating all the latest trends, entropic reasoning, and exciting moduli spaces." See also: SCIgen
ATINER - Athens Institute for Education and Research
A mega conference sponsor and publisher that is listed on Beall's List.
BioMedPub = I. C. on Science and Engineering in Biology, Medical and Public Health
BioMedPub 2014 will cover a multitude of diverse topics ... with special emphasis on ... theoretical, experimental, and applied communities ... biomedical engineering, healthcare technologies, and medical and clinical applications. Published proceedings appear in "Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine", which was previously published as "Journal of Scientific Conference Proceedings." Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
BIT Group Global Ltd.
According to Wikipedia ... "BIT Life Sciences (or BIT Congress Inc., BIT Group Global Ltd) is a predatory, for profit meetings, incentives, conferencing, exhibitions (MICE) company based in Dalian, China that specializes in arranging multiple scientific congresses that have been described as "predatory". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BIT_Life_Sciences
Linked to 'Scientific Tree' and 'Magnus Corpus' (see below) via email addresses: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org.
Center for Science Education and Research (EUSER)
This conference organizer/publisher is a Beall's List publisher and its OA journals are not indexed in WoS nor are listed in DOAJ.
Apparently a conference organizer that schedules multiple conferences on the same dates and same locations. Seemingly limited attendees and widely diverse unrelated subject matter. Colossal Facet is also associated with a Beall's List publisher ... OAE Publishing, Inc.
Conference Series LLC Ltd
3000+ Global ‘Conferenceseries’ Events with over 1000+ Conferences, 1000+ Symposiums and 1000+ Workshops on Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business. Associated with OMICS journals.
Congress of Future Science and Technology Leaders
"... basically a three-day summer camp ... (will) have insignificant impact on application for admission (to college)". David Lazarus. LATimes[1/29/16] p. C1 & C7.
Core Conferences LLC
Core 'organizes' multiple conferences at the same time/venue, which is questionable.
According to a recent conference attendee, "The experience I had with them was terrible. They charged me 400 euros for registration and people who wanted to publish an article payed 500 euros. We were only 8 people from different countries and different topics, there was not any person in charge."
CPI = Center for Promoting Ideas
"CPI organizes various international seminars and workshops on the contemporary issues in the fields of business, social science and technology. Researchers and professionals are allowed to present their papers on the seminars."
Drug Discovery & Therapy World Congress
While attracting some major speakers, the limited attendance (e.g., ~650 for 2015) is troubling. Sponsor OAE Publishing is a Beall's List publisher.
EPASP = I.C. on Educational Psychology and Applied Social Psychology
"All the accepted papers will be published by Open Journal of Social Sciences" published by SCIRP: Scientific Research An Academic Publisher ... which is on Beall's List. Primary focus of conference announcement seems to be the location and optional tour.
ESM - Endling Scientific Merits
Sponsor of multiple international conferences ... with a member of the organizing committee for their 2020 Chemistry conference from a fake university (California South University). See: https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2018/03/17/fake-school-california-south-university-is-the-university-of-albertas-evil-twin_a_23388464/
Eurasian Research Publishing is a Beall's List publisher, and is associated with the following associations: HBSRA, STRA, TERA, SSHRA.
EuroSciCon was reported to have been acquired by OMICS International. See:
FGMEITR = Finance, Global Management, Economics & Information Technology Research Conference
"will bring together academicians and professionals from all areas related business fields and related fields to interact with members inside and outside their own particular disciplines." Appears to be a mechanism for soliciting papers for journals that are "Super Closed Access Journals". See: http://scholarlyoa.com/2014/04/15/introduction-to-super-closed-access-journals/
GDS Group / GDS International
A search of Google for "GDS Group conference reviews" strongly suggest a 'questionable' status.
Global Young Leaders Conference (GLYC)
Is the Global Young Leaders Conference just another money scam? College Confidential: https://talk.collegeconfidential.com/internships-careers-employment/43540-is-th-global-young-leaders-conference-just-another-money-scam.html
GRDS = Global Research and Development Services
GRDS is a professional conference organizer whose 'Publication Services' is listed on Beall's List.
GSTF = Global Science & Technology Forum
3rd Annual Global Healthcare Conference (GHC 2014):
The Conference Proceedings (Print ISSN: 2251-3833, E-Periodical ISSN: 2251-3825) will be indexed by EBSCO,
CrossRef, ProQuest, Ulrichsweb and will be submitted to Scopus, ScienceDirect and Cabell's Directories, likely indexed by Pub Med Central amongst others, where applicable.
• Journal: Depending on their importance, originality, quality, relevance and other editorial considerations, eligibleresearch articles will be invited for publication in the GSTF Journal of Nursing and Health Care(JHNC) which is indexed by EBSCO, CrossRef, ProQuest and Cabell's Directories.
HEF - Higher Education Forum
Extensive conference sponsor ... "Co-operated International Journals" include Beall's List titles ... Neither of the 'Chemistry & Material' journals are indexed in WoS. Additional info at: http://scholarlyoa.com/2015/02/17/young-assistant-professor-helps-promote-questionable-conferences-journals/#more-4959
An expanded update at: http://scholarlyoa.com/2015/03/12/higher-education-forum-95-vacation-5-scholarly-conference/
IAAM = International Association of Advanced Materials
Reportedly a predatory conference organizer. See: https://forbetterscience.com/2017/12/14/predatory-conferences-and-other-scams-of-false-swedish-professor-ashutosh-tiwari/
IACT - International Academy of Computer Technology
Questionable conference organizer ... associated with a Beall's list publisher.
IAENG = International Association of Engineers
A mega conference sponsor.
International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2014 (IMECS 2014), has 14 conferences, including:
2014 IAENG I.C. on Artificial Intelligence and Applications
2014 IAENG I.C. on Bioinformatics
2014 IAENG I.C. on Control and Automation
World Congress on Engineering (WCE) 2014, which has 15 conferences, including:
2014 I.C. of Financial Engineering
2014 I.C. of Information Engineering
2014 I.C. of Information Security and Internet Engineering
ICASE = International Conference on Applied Sciences and Engineering
Jointly sponsored by a Beall's List publisher. Conference topics range from oil refining to gene regulation including: "Non-ruminant nutrition" and "Designer shopping Cloth bags", "Treadmills that convert the rotation of the belt into electricity".
ICBEB = I.C. on Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology
Claims that 'accepted' papers will be published in "ICBEB 2016 synergic SCI journals". Perhaps a IOS Press title with an JIF ~ 1.. Researcher reports spammed contact.
ICBMIS = International Conference on Business Management & Information Systems
"The International Conference on Business Management & Information Systems (ICBMIS) is organized by the International Journal of Academic Conference Proceedings (IJACP) in association with Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India and Dubai." I would be concerned about the journals which will consider papers for publication in their special issues ... since none of the titles listed (published by Inderscience) are indexed by Web of Science.
International Conference on Materials Engineering:
ICPSA - International Conference on Physics Science and Application
"The main objective of ICPSA 2015 is to provide a comprehensive global forum for experts and participants from academia to exchange ideas and present results of ongoing research in the most state-of-the-art areas of Physics Science and Application." ***Accepted papers will be published in a journal on Beall's List.
ICRTES = I.C. on Real Time Embedded Systems
See: World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
IIER (International Institute for Engineers and Researchers)
The IIER is described as a 'Shadowy organization' in the Ottawa Citizen: https://ottawacitizen.com/.../why-write-your-own-plagiarism-policy-when-you-can-copy...
and is also a Beall's List publisher. It is also mentioned in a multi-author discussion on ResarchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/post/Dubious_conference_invitations_Just_spam_or_do_these_meetings_actually_take_place/1
GSRD (Global Society for Research and Development)
GSRD appears to be a serial conference organizer without a refund policy for cancelled events.
A review of the 20th GSRD International Conference suggests an infinite variety of subjects without a unifying concept.
IMCIC - Complexity, Informatics, and Cybernetics
e-mail notification received as spam
imedpub LLC (Insight Medical Publishing)
Mentioned in FTC's preliminary injunction. See: https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2017/12/04/federal-trade-commission-national-institutes-health-take-action-predatory-publishing-practices/?utm
INAAR = International Association of Academicians and Researchers
Associated with Beall's List publishers. email address no longer valid.
INASE = Institute for Natural Sciences and Engineering
A mega-conference organizer with confusing claims about "collaboration with 21 (un-named) ISI Journals". Formerly known as 'EUROPMENT' which was linked to another conference site 'WSEAS'. Also linked to WOPU: World Open Problems Union, who "will launch with a new series of journals and conferences" but currently support INASE.
Reported to be a Beall's List publisher. See:
International Journal of Recent Engineering Research and Development
So sketchy the website doesn't even work.
One of the conference organizers is from a 'fake' university [California South University]. See: https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2018/03/17/fake-school-california-south-university-is-the-university-of-albertas-evil-twin_a_23388464/.
iPharma is also mentioned in an article 'Predatory conference scammers are getting smarter' in: Chemistry World, September 2018, p.8.
A search of Google for "IQPC conference reviews" strongly suggest a 'questionable' status.
IRED = Institute of Research Engineers and Doctors
Multiple conferences scheduled each year, including:
I.C. on Advances in Computing, Communication and Information Technology - CCIT
I.C. on Advances in Civil, Structural and Mechanical Engineering - CSM
I.C. on Advances in Social Science, Economics and Management Study - SEM
ISER (International Society for Engineers and Researchers)
ISER is a Beall's List publisher that is also a conference organizer.
ISTIE = I. C. on Internet Services Technology and Information Engineering
"The purpose of the ISTIE 2014 is to promote discussion and interaction among academics, researchers and professionals in the field of Internet technologies and Information Engineering." The associated journal 'Advances Science Letters' is published by American Scientific Publishers.
Jacobs Conferences/Jacobs Publishing
Jacobs Publishing is a Beall's List publisher and is also mentioned on 'Flaky Academic Journals':
Clicking 'about' provides an extensive listing of partners with OMICS linked conference organizers.
A not-for-profit organization based in Kurdistan ... main focus on confrontation of predatory publishing.
Lexis: Global Scientific Conferences Organizer
Lexis Conferences shares an identical logo with Lexis Publishers, a 'Beall's List' publisher.
LifeScienceEvents was reported to have been acquired by OMICS International. See:
Longdom conferences schedule several related conferences at the same time & venue. The associated publisher Longdom Publishing SL is a Dolos LIst publisher:
The Dolos list records predatory, parasitic, or pseudoscientific publishers and journals, doubtful newspapers, false whitelists, organizations promoting pseudoscientific informations, and dubious or fake conferences organizers.
Organizers of FRET and Beyond ... which, according to a private communication, is linked to Open Academic Press (a known Beall's List publisher).
Magnus Corpus linked to Scientific Tree and Cell Science, and listed on the Dolos List.
Medwide Conferences (aka Medwide Group)
A seemingly overly ambitious website currently promotes five conferences, at one venue, over four days, on widely disparate subjects.
An OMICS linked company (see: https://www.readfearn.com/2018/01/all-those-omics-linked-companies-in-one-place/ and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OMICS_Publishing_Group).
aka: Mosharaka International Conferences. Sponsors of 16 conferences on communications, computer science, etc.
Confusing information regarding publications and indexing of conference papers.
"NANOSMAT is widely recognized as a premier conference focused on traditional topics in “NANO” such as Nanoscience, Nano-Engineering and Nanotechnology as well as emerging new research directions in NANO such as Nanobiology, Nanomedicine and economical aspects of NANO." Contributions are published in Elsevier and American Scientific Publishers journals, with the 2013 papers still 'in press' as of 11/7/15
NSSEL - Natural Science Simulations And Engineering Laboratory
A conference organizer with multiple conferences scheduled for the same time/venue, with CMST-19 reported to be a 'scam' conference. Other sponsored conferences include: CMST-18, GCFD-18, CVSM-19, IWAST-19, IORTA-19. NSSEL is also a Beall's List publisher (International Journal of Computational Physics Series).
OMICS International Conferences
"OMICS Group International (a Beall's List publisher) publishes ~700 Open access journals and conducts over 3000 Scientific conferences ... All accepted conference abstracts will be published in respective OMICS Group Journals". Information on journal & IFs in 'More Info:'
More at: http://naepub.com/predatory-publishing/2015-25-1-3/ and
Oxford International Conference on Critical Public Issues
This Conference is not affiliated with University of Oxford. There is an interesting Wikipedia entry for the conference sponsor, the Oxford Round Table.
Procedia is an "online collection of high quality conference proceedings in over 20 subject categories." Elsevier, however, is not responsible for the quality of the peer review process, since Procedia are published on a contract basis with the conference organizers.
Acquired by OMICS Group in 2016.
RCITD = Int. Virtual Research Conf. on Technical Disciplines
Extremely ambitious subject coverage coupled with new and un-ranked journals suggests caution.
Researchfora (Research Fora)
An organizer that advertizes International conferences without topics or speakers and reserves the right to change the conference date and location. They are also associated with a Beall's List publisher. Researchfora is also reported to have cancelled a conference w/o refunding fees or travel expenses.
RWIResearchWorld is a known Beall's List publisher.
Critical analysis of scholarly open-access publishing.
SCICT = I.C. on Soft Computing in Information Communication Technology
Affiliated with Atlantis Press
A seemingly overly broad range of subjects and multitude of individual conferences.
Scientific Federation (SciFed) is a Beall's List journal publisher. Additional comments at:
Scientific Serve appears to be questionable ... See:
Scientific Tree Group
A first named member of an organizing committee is affiliated with a 'fake' university. California South University [https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2018/03/17/fake-school-california-south-university-is-the-university-of-albertas-evil-twin_a_23388464/] , and there is also a report of a denied refund of pre-paid fees for a cancelled conference. A Google search for [ "scientific tree" conferences] retrieves several additional concerns.
SciEP (Science & Education Publishing)
"SciEP serves the world’s research and academic societies ... covers academic conferences, workshops, and events of all disciplines ...
(1) List your forthcoming conference information on our website ... promoting your conference will be easy ...
(2) We provide all of the services necessary for both print and online conference proceeding publication.
(3) Extensions of previously published high-quality articles are also welcomed for submission if they have been recommended by the conference organizing committee."
Sciinov is a conference organizer that sponsors multiple conferences on the same date/location. Sciinov also does not provide a listing of journals that publish their conference presentations. I notice that 10Times.com [ https://10times.com/aging-gerontology/visitors ] only shows 26 users who have shown interest in Aging & Gerentology - 2019.
"SCIgen is a program ... that randomly generates nonsense in the form of computer science research papers, including graphs, diagrams, and citations." See also: arXiv vs. snarXiv [http://snarxiv.org/vs-arxiv/]
SERVE = I.C. on Management and Technology in Knowledge, Service, Tournism & Hospitality
"Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: Knowledge Management, Service Management, Web Intelligent, Service Management, Tourism & Hospitality." Associated journal and its publisher are on Beall's List.
SGEM = International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConferences SGEM
The 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference & S G E M 2014
An International GeoConference on … covering the following topics (all with additional sub-sections):
Science and Technologies in Geology, Exploration and Mining
Informatics, Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing
Water Resources. Forest, Marine and Ocean Ecosystems
Energy and Clean Technologies
Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation
Nano, Bio and Green: Technologies for Sustainable Future
TASET (The Association of Science, Education and Technology)
A multi-conference organizer affiliated with TOJET (a Standalone Beall's List Journal). From the homepage, click 'All Conferences' for an up-to-date listing. Additional conferences include:
IETC, INTE, ISTEC, IDEC, ITEC, ITICAM.
TelSaTech = I.C. Advances Technology in Telecommunication, Broadcasting, and Saellite
"... targets to address current state of the technology and the outcome of the ongoing research in the area of Telecommunications, Networks, broadcasting and Satellite Systems.
The TelSaTech 2014 Publication will be published by American Scientific Publishers in Advanced Science Letters (ISSN: 1936-6612 (Print): EISSN: 1936-7317 (Online))."
Tentimes Online Private Limited
Concern is based on the World Conference on Research in Education (WORLDCRE, 2019) whose proceedings consist of only 11 papers on widely diverse topics. [https://www.dpublication.com/proceeding/worldcre/#Table-of-Contents]
United Scientific Group - USG
United Scientific Group is a will known Beall's List publisher, as well as reports about being a source of dubious conference invitations: https://www.researchgate.net/post/Dubious_conference_invitations_Just_spam_or_do_these_meetings_actually_take_place/4
University of Riverside
This is not the University of California, Riverside.
The "California Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education is a unit of the California Department of Consumer Affairs ... is not an accrediting agency.
The University of Riverside is apparently not accredited. The library resources seem limited to freely available online URLs. The 'Symposium image gallery suggests limited attendance.
Volunteer Group on Peace And Development (VGOPAD / VGPAD)
Personal report of discrepancies in promised funding. Website address has changed since previous 'conferences'. Formerly: http://vgopad.com. Problems with concealing website registration noted by: SCAMADVISOR https://www.scamadviser.com/
WASET - World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
A prolific conference organizer with over 80 conferences scheduled worldwide for March-December 2014. Each conference has ~30 subject tracks covering virtually all academic disciplines. See warnings: http://quantum.info/conf/ and http://e-nns.org/category/news-announcements/ as well as the 'More Info' link
WCE = World Congress on Education
"The WCE is an international refereed conference dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practices in education. The associated publisher (Infonomics) is on Beall's List and it is also not listed as a publisher in the TR Journal Citation Reports.
WCEAM = World Congress and Expo on Applied Microbiology
"OMICS group Inc., (a Beall's List publisher) has organized more than 300 conferences around the world. Our goal is to reach the the scientific research to All, through our 400 open access journals from all the leading themes of life science, engineering and technology." See also: Conference series above.
WCHRED = World Convention on Human Rights ...
The email from World Convention on Human Rights and Elimination of Discrimination in all its Forms (WCHRED) seemed to employ fractured English, was sent with a return address at Grodno State University and the contact information refers to 'foxmail.com' and 'qq.com' ... but no webpage.
WorldComp = World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Applied Computing
A mega conference with 20 individual conferences, including:
I.C. on Advances in Big Data Analytics (ABDA'14)
I.C. on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (BIOCOMP'14)
I.C. on Scientific Computing (CSC'14)
I.C. on Data Mining (DMIN'14)
WRE = I.C. on Water Resource and Environment
"For keynote speakers, the registration fee will be waived, and local accommodation, meals in a five star hotel, one or more days of tour in Beijing will be provided by the organizing committee." The journal publisher in which conference papers will appear is on Beall's List.
WSEAS = World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society
A mega-conference combining the following:
15th International Conference on Mathematics and Computers in Business and Economics (MCBE '14)
8th International Conference on Management, Marketing and Finances (MMF '14)
2nd International Conference on Computer Supported Education (COSUE '14)
14th International Conference on Applied Computer Science (ACS '14)
7th International Conference on Materials Science (MATERIALS '14)
5th International Conference on Applied Mathematics and Informatics (AMATHI '14)
5th International Conference on Automotive and Transportation Systems (ICAT '14)
2nd International Conference on Intelligent Control, Modelling and Systems Engineering (ICMS '14)
A few conferences have been indexed by WoS and SciFinder.